WA Marines US – Marine Corps Life
Medal of Honor earners
Nothing motivates like stories of heroism. Here’s a few to sink your teeth into.
Lewis B. Puller, or as every Marine knows of him, Chesty Puller. A distant cousin of Army General George Patton, Chesty was the recipient of 5 Navy Cross’s, the Distinguished Service Cross, the Silver Star, the Purple Heart, the Bronze Star with Valor, 2 Legions of Merit with Valor, and a host of other awards and commendations; this is the stuff of legends regarding combat and Marine Corps history.
He could easily be highlighted in any of the 14 leadership traits, but I chose “judgment” simply because most of the others were so obvious. “Courage”? Obviously he had that in spades. “Dependability”? Check. Etc, etc, so I wanted to talk about his judgment.
The stories of how he earned his medals are varied and exciting, but let’s talk about how he earned his fourth Navy Cross, as this is a great example of solid judgment in the most trying of times.
In the battle at Cape Gloucester, New Britain during World War II, given temporary command of 3rd ‘Battalion, 7th Marines, he also assumed command of 3rd Battalion, 5th Marines when their Commanding Office and the Executive Officer were both wounded and unable to command. Commanding both Battalions, Chesty was able to effectively reorganize the units and move towards their objective.
While holding key terrain along a fire swept ridge, Chesty moved from company to company, redirecting fire as needed, reorganizing units to maintain critical positions, all the while being exposed to enemy rifle, machine-gun and mortar fire.
On this day, as on many others, Chesty displayed unparalleled courage and determination – he also displayed uncanny judgment in his management of the many companies under his control against a well-entrenched and enemy. His judgment saved many lives in that battle and many others and has served as an example for Marines to follow forever.
William Earl Barber
The story of William Earl Barber, a Marine Corps Captain during the Korean War, is a defining example of decisiveness under extreme pressure. Only 220 men remained under his command and he faced 1,400 communist Chinese soldiers in the frigid Chosin Resevior.
With a broken leg and having received orders to leave his position, he refused as he believed such an action would leave another 8,000 Marines cut off and trapped – he refused his orders. After six days of fighting, the Chinese had suffered over 1,000 casualties – Captain Barber had only 82 of his men in walking condition, but his decision to reject the orders and stand fast was proven to be the right move – he was later awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for his decisions and his actions.
Leonard Foster, a Marine Corps Private First Class (PFC), during combat in World War II in Guam, received the Congressional Medal of Honor for his actions when his patrol came under fire from 2 machine guns at a range of about 15 yards.
While others remained pinned down, PFC Foster, of his own initiative, moved out of the gulley his platoon was trapped in and advanced towards the machines guns – getting wounded several times in the process. He was able to kill 5 Japanese soldiers and wounded another, effectively taking out the enemy machine gun nests on his own. He later died of the wounds he received during this action.
An interesting example of integrity in action is the most recent Medal of Honor Recipient for the Marine Corps, Sgt Dakota Meyers. There was a lot of discussion as to whether it was deserved or not – and truthfully Sgt Meyers himself is probably the only one that can answer that. I’m not trying to sort that out.
What happened after he left the Marine Corps is interesting though. He went to work for a company that made and sold thermal imaging devices to assist in finding explosive devices. He eventually ended up on a team that was responsible for selling these devices to Pakistan. He voiced his concern about selling the best technology on the market to a country known for having dealings with enemy countries as well as terrorist organizations and was belittled. T
he company actually reported him as being mentally unstable and claimed drinking issues – an apparent attempt to discredit so the sales of the Thermal Imaging devices could proceed. Sgt Meyers’ actions during this time showed great integrity.
John Bradley (USN Corpsman)
Attached to a Marine Corps unit, John Bradley survived the battle of Iwo Jima and earned the Navy Cross – the nation’s second highest award for bravery. He earned this award for crawling to the aid of a wounded Marine and shielding him with his own body from enemy fire while hanging a bag of blood plasma on an upturned rifle.
While waving away others who were trying to assist, he then dragged the wounded Marine 30 yards through enemy fire to safety. All of this happened after “Doc” found himself at the top of Mount Suribachi and was a participant in the famous Iwo Jima Flag Raising which has become a symbol of Marine Corps grit and tenacity. Many years later, after John Bradley died his family found out he had received the Navy Cross – he never told them nor did he talk about the battle itself.
It’s been said of the battle for Iwo Jima that it was “America’s Battle” – a battle that had more casualties in one day than the battle for Guadalcanal had in two and a half months – the beaches at Normandy were safe and secure in 24 hours, but at Iwo Jima our boys fought and died for two weeks – one Marine died every 2 seconds at Iwo Jima, for 2 weeks. Just surviving the battle took unimaginable courage.
In addition to what is displayed below, this Marine also fought in World War II and Vietnam, earning a Navy Cross, two Distinguished Service Medals, two Silver Stars, and many other awards. He served for over three decades, commanding every level of combat from Platoon to Division. He fought in fourteen campaigns and has been awarded seven Foreign Awards. Here’s his Medal of Honor citation:
For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as Commanding Officer of the First Battalion, Seventh Marines, First Marine Division (Reinforced), in aware that the operation involved breaking through a surrounding enemy and advancing eight miles along primitive icy trails in the bitter cold with every passage disputed by a savage and determined foe, Lieutenant Colonel Davis boldly led his battalion into the attack in a daring attempt to relieve a beleaguered rifle company and to seize, hold and defend a vital mountain pass controlling the only route available for two Marine regiments in danger of being cut off by numerically superior hostile force during their redeployment to the port of Hungnam.
When the battalion immediately encountered strong opposition from entrenched enemy forces commanding high ground in the path of the advance, he promptly spearheaded his unit in a fierce attack up the steep, ice-covered slopes in the face of withering fire and, personally leading the assault groups in a hand-to-hand encounter, drove the hostile troops from their positions, rested his mean and reconnoitered the area under enemy fire to determine the best route for continuing the mission.
Always in the thick of fighting, Lieutenant Colonel Davis let his battalion over three successive ridges in the deep snow in continuous attacks against the enemy and, constantly inspiring and encouraging his men throughout the night, brought his unit to a point within 1500 yards of the surrounded rifle company by daybreak. Although knocked to the ground when a shell fragment struck his helmet and two bullets pierced this clothing, he arose and fought his way forward at the head of his men until he reached the isolated Marines.
On the following morning, he bravely led his battalion in securing the vital mountain pass from a strongly entrenched and numerically superior hostile force, carrying all his wounded with him, including 22 litter cases and held the vital terrain until the two regiments of the division had deployed through the pass and, on the morning of 4 December, led his battalion into Hagaru-ri intact. By his superb leadership, outstanding courage and brilliant tactical ability, Lieutenant Colonel Davis was directly instrumental in saving the beleaguered rifle company from complete annihilation and enabled the two Marine regiments to escape possible destruction. His valiant devotion to duty and unyielding fighting spirit in the face of almost insurmountable odds enhance and sustain the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
I get tired just reading about what Lt. Col Davis did – simply amazing.
Our recruiting building outside Atlanta needed to be spruced up a bit. It just won’t do for our building to have bad curb appeal, to look shabby or unkept so we decided to have it pressure washed by a local professional. We looked online and found http://hotpressuresolutions.com and decided to give them a call. They showed up on time and did a fantastic job.
They not only pressure washed the sidewalks and parking lot, but they also did the siding and used some low pressure hot water plus some chemicals and did the roof as well. And, while they were doing the roof, they went ahead and cleaned out the gutter as well.
All in all, a bunch of Marines certainly could have done the job and probably would have had a good time doing it but it was interesting and fun to see a true professional come out with the right examine tools , source of appropriate power and knowledge and do the job right.
Although we hired them initially to only clean the sidewalks, they explained the benefits of a more thorough as well as selling us on the gutter cleaning. It’s technically not our building but, Marines being Marines, we tend to take care of what we are put in charge of. The folks at Hot Pressure Solutions explained that clogged gutters will allow rainwater to find it’s way where it’s not supposed to be, thereby damaing the structure in the long term.
Therefore, they said, they strongly suggest a good gutter cleaning as well. Funny thing was, we didn’t think the gutters were really very dirty until we saw what they dug out of them. And yes, I mean “dug”…little shovels pulling up loads of sand and grit that, they explained, gets dislodged from the roof over time and has nowhere but the gutter system to go. That, and the leaves and other miscellaneous junk they pulled out of the gutters lead me to believe we made the right choice.
The end result? Sparkling building, nicely cleaned sidewalks and parking lot, and gutters that don’t have plants growing out of them. The flyboys, squids and dogs in the other recruiter offices are thankful the Marines were on the job.
You know how Marines are – we always take things a step further than we should. Our unit rented an inflatable water slides and a moonwalk from one of those Bounce House Rentals Atlanta places – great service and a fun time. We had a bouncing good time but, as I said, Marines will be Marines.
The party itself was great, everybody had a good time. Everybody brought their family so it was fun to see the kids bouncing and sweating in the Bounce House. We posted one of the junior Marines to watch the kids play while the rest of us partied a bit. Hey, it was the week-end and we had a 96 – four days off, time to have some fun.
GySgt Dorsett was there, his big old self, and got everybody singing Rugby songs. You can’t sing rubgy songs without drinking, you know. So yeah, we might have had a bit to drink. Technically, the end result could have been an ‘alcohol involved event’, but I think the Gunny fixed it up so nobody got in trouble…it’s what the Gunny does.
So after the kids tired themselves out and some of the wives and youngin’s left, there was that big ol’ bounce house, staring us in the face. What’s a Marine to do? Well, we did what Marines do – we invaded. We took of our boots and removed all sharp objects, of course, exactly what the safety sticker said to do. We might have bypassed the whole “only 3 or 4 attendees at a time” rule. So picture a squad of Marines bouncing inside the Bounce House. I have to say, the inflatable slides and bouncy houses were a big hit.
Yeah, well the Gunny said I had to write up an after action for the party, complete with lessons learned, so here it is.
–Not a good idea to mix alcohol and inflatable bounce houses.
–Not a good idea to mix alcohol and inflatable wet slides (or inflatable dry slides for that matter)
–Renting a Bounce House or Inflatable slide / moonwalk is a GREAT way to keep the kids active and out of everybody’s hair while the adults get their party on. After –the wives and kids leave, probably not a good idea to think a squad of Marines should all play in the Bounce House at the same time
–Sick Bay doesn’t take kindly to after hours emergencies when the explanation is given by obviously intoxicated Marines carrying one of their “fallen comrades” because he broke his ankle in a Bounce House
Like any good Marine Instructor, I have to tell you what I’m going to tell you, then tell you, then tell you what I told you. So I’m at the “tell you what I told you part”, also known as a summary. Summary is, Bounce Houses are a lot of fun!!
We love our life in the Corps, but what about when it’s time to get out? What will you do? Where will you work? There is a site dedicated to helping military in transition – check out www.60kjobs.com for some ideas on occupations that require neither extensive experience nor a college degree.
If you have not visited 60Kjobs yet, you really should. A fantastic website dedicated to assisting people today come across jobs that call for neither substantial knowledge nor a college education.
Test it out!
Marine Corps life can be tough. Actually, nix that – Marine Corps life IS tough but it can be brutal. Physical training, sports, combat training, etc. can play havoc on your body.
If you’ve never fought with pugil sticks, you’re missing a lot of fun (and pain). It’s technically very good bayonet training, since training with real bayonets is frowned upon for some reason. But with Pugil Sticks, you’re allowed to beat the hell out of your opponent and then go grab a beer afterwards. All in good fun, of course, and in the name of good training.
Occasionally, in spite of the padding and helmets, Marines get injured. It’s just the way we are. I remember in Boot Camp, many recruits were dragged out of the field of combat and to sick bay. No broken bones that I can remember but a lot of pain, a lot of busted lips and maybe a broken tooth or two. Regardless, I’m sure they were patched up quickly and sent back into the fray. They could have used the services of Urgent Dental Atlanta, I’m sure, or maybe one of the various other 24hr Clinics.
Which brings me to Dentistry, Marine Corps style. When I was in boot camp, I was one of the few that had to have their wisdom teeth extracted during boot camp. I think I was given 48 ours to recuperate and then it was back to the grind. It was then I missed my own dentist the most. Military dentists, especially in boot camp, leave a little to be desired.
I remember the dental facility pretty well though, it had that smell everything in boot camp seemed to have (lysol, mixed with sweat and a little blood). Gawd, why do I remember these things. Under the current of that smell at the Dental Facility was the sterile bleachy smell most dentist offices have.
An interesting discussion about if broken teeth might prevent somebody from signing up for the Marine Corps can be found at Yahoo Answers. For a more detailed description and information, go here.
Wonderful memories. Care to share?
Concepts of Physical Fitness in the Marine Corps
It’s obvious, right? Marines are fit. They have to be because they’re the ones on the front lines, kicking ass and taking names as the situation warrants. An out of shape Marine is a dead (or captured) Marine and that jeopardizes not only that Marine but the rest of the Marine’s unit as well as the mission. Unacceptable.
The USMC Physical Fitness Test
The Marine Corps looks at your fitness from two angles. What you can do and fast you can do it, and how is your body composition. The first part is measured by a series of tests called the Physical Fitness Test, or PFT for short. The PFT is held twice a year and has three events which must all be completed within a 2 hour window:
- Pull-ups (not timed). Flexed Arm Hangtime is measured for female Marines
- A perfect score for males is 20 dead-hang pullups. No swinging or “kipping” is allowed. The minimum is 3.
- A perfect score for females is 70 seconds while less than 15 seconds is a fail. (side note, this is MUCH harder than you might think)
- Abdominal Crunches in a 2 minute timeframe. 100 is a perfect score while less than 40 is failing
- 3 mile run – your age determines how much time you can take. A perfect score is 18 minutes or less.
Life in the Marine Corps is one big Physical Training (PT) session and the smart Marines – the ones who want to get promoted – understand that their PFT score directly affects their chance at promotion. Given this, many Marines make it a point to make the PFT the easiest of their PT Sessions, routinely running more than 3 miles at a stretch as well as exceeding the pullup and crunch requirements so that when the PFT rolls around, it’s actually quite an easy session for them to pass. This ensures a high score and therefore increased chance of promotion.